Appraisal is a US-term.
    Valuation is an IVS-term (International Valuation Standards).
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Japan suffered a heavy land bubble and its collapse in 1980s & 1990s.
After the collapse, deflation lasted for around 15 years.
Please read "What Caused the Bubble?" below.

 01. What Caused the Bubble? - Memories of a Bubble in Japan -

 02. What Caused the Bubble? - Swarm Intelligence -

 03. What Caused the Bubble? - Diffusion of Inflationary Expectations -

 04. What Caused the Bubble? - Genes of Speculation, Price, and Value -

 05. What Caused the Bubble? - Mechanism of a New Type Emergence -

 06. BOIDS and Inflationary Expectations


(You can see hump-like bubbles in the graphs below.)

        Nominal Gross Domestic Product (GDP)

        Commercial Area

        Commercial Area

        Commercial Area

        High-grade Residential Area

        Common Residential Area (10km from Tokyo Station)

        Common Residential Area (40km from Tokyo Station)

            Welcome to
Value Workers Japan
Real Estate Appraisal/Valuation
< From Tokyo, Japan >
Takashi Yamaguchi, Appraiser/Valuer
 We will provide our clients with accurate and adequate value opinions.

 Report is written in Japanese (which fulfills Japanese Standards) or in English (which fulfills US Standards or International Standards).
    A Sample of a Cover [USPAP]
      A Sample of a Cover [IVS]
Real Estate Appraisal/Valuation in Japan

          - Accurate and Adequate Value Opinions -

Referral -a letter from a US client-
"In the States, I own numerous properties as well as one in Japan. To get financing for projects, appraisals must be done on all property assets. The appraisal Value Workers did for me was by far the best I've seen."
Carl Chilstrom, G.G., MBA
Property investor

 < Acquisition International Awards >

  We are the first appraisal/valuation firm in Japan which won the AI Awards.

  This is one of the most prestigious awards for business, legal, financial, and investment
      advisers in the world.

  "What Caused the Bubble?" on this website was taken as a supporting evidence by AI
      in the assessment process.